As a result of shipwreck or getting separated from a group, you find yourself stranded on an island. Surviving is your focus and only consideration. You do not have to be an experienced outdoorsman, in order to take basic steps that will help keep you alive until rescue arrives.
Build a big fire on the highest shore point; if you know where the shipping lanes pass, put your fire in the most visible spot. When you see a ship or a plane, you can create big amounts of smoke by tossing on slightly damp moss or branches. Create several fire piles that you can light quickly. To attract attention from the air, arrange rocks that contrast with the sand into a very large pattern that would not occur in nature. You can also root around on the island for materials that will reflect the sun and use them to signal passing planes or boats.
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PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL
Written By Daniel W. Shrigley
You find yourself in a survival situation that you were not expecting. Caught off guard and all alone. You are absent with supplies or advanced skills. All you know is a few articles you read and survival documentary films you watched for entertainment. Now this scenario often occurs to people every year all over the world. It's how you handle the situation that will determine a successful outcome. You will need to allow yourself to be mentally tough. Remaining calm in the face of a potential life threatening survival event.
Survival situations come in multiple forms to all people of every walk of life. Scenarios are presented in three ways. Mother nature, manmade or incidental. The psychology behind survival is most challenging. Being in the right frame of mindset is not easily come-by for all people. This takes discipline and stems from making the right decisions at critical moments.
Remain calm is the first step towards being in the right mindset. To do this you need to stop in place, clear your mind from feeling panic. Organize your priorities for survival, establish your immediate needs for self-reliance, self-sustainment and achieve self-rescue.
In a panic situation, you are not collected in educated decision making abilities. A panicked person makes poor choices. You need to be calculated in your decision making abilities to survive and thrive.
Simply by taking a few moments to sit back and absorb your environment, soak in what is available to you in your surroundings for shelter, water, fire and food. Every scenario is unique and will require various needs to be met and methods to achieve a successful outcome.
First and foremost you need to be certain you are removed from immanent danger. Avoid, direct threats to life; Using your instinct, common sense and adhering indicators. Often a panicked person lost in the wilderness will make critical mistakes. First critical failure is NOT sitting in place. People that are lost tend to run off and out of panic get even more lost.
The feeling of panic while lost is one of greatest fears. Fright in any survival situation is natural, however it's controllable. FEAR KILLS!!! I teach that; In Survival Failure Is NOT An Option! Flipping this to: In Survival Fear Is NOT An Option.
The fear has been compared to that of great desperation, loneliness, helplessness, hopelessness, similar to that of a drowning victim. Education and skill, through hands on practice and training is a sure way to defeat this an afford you a fighting chance.
Knowing the priorities of survival and the fundamentals will help give you an edge. Knowing those are not enough, you MUST put into practice the survival skills and be familiar with look and feel. Basic knowledge will only give you a fighting chance. Instinct for shelter, fire for cooking and warmth, water for thirst, food for hunger. There is so much more that one needs to know and implement via knowledge and skill.
Shelter is a necessity to shield and protect you from the elements. Elements include the following:
• Wind (Wind chill factors enhance danger and exposure.)
• Sun (Shade in hot temperate climates preserves hydration and energy, limits exposure.)
• Sand (Shielding from blowing debris such as sand offers safety from injury.)
• Snow & Ice (Maintaining your core body temperature is critical and must accompany by a heat source such as fire.)
• Rain (Over exposure to rain, water for extended periods of time will present health risks and cause injury through exposure.)
In a survival scenario you must protect your resources and your three greatest resources encompass your head, hands & feet. The bodies extremities suffer first in-climate weather. First you must protect from extreme conditions those extremities. Additionally you need to protect your hands and feet from injury. If you are in a situation that you must travel to self-rescue a foot injury will devastate your forward momentum if not prevent it altogether. Your hands, need to be safeguarded to continually offer resource gathering, bushcraft tool construction, climbing, fishing, hunting, grasp and much more. Trap setting, firewood cutting or finite detail work on projects will pose vast limitations with injured hands.
This all falls back on the Psychology Of Survival: When you panic bad things happen and injuries or death follow. Eye sight is the other sense that must me protected. While cutting timber using a chopping instrument, be certain to close your eyes tight just before the axe impacts to avoid eye injury by debris. Also shielding your eyes from the sunlight, sand and wind is essential. You can protect your vision simply by using a little creativity.
Creativity is instinct we all have a brain and with that comes imagination. Creativity often is what allows a improvement and comfort factor. Simple comforts in any situation brings reward and peace of mind. Much like a hot cup of pine or spruce tea on a cold day or evening.
Fire craft is not a skill of instinct, the need for warmth is instinct. You really need to know how to start a fire with various methods to ensure your own survival. From many primitive cultures we have learned methods of fire starting. These methods have worked for mankind over thousands of years.
• Fire thong (Hearth, Cordage, Fuel)
• Fire Piston (Advanced method requires a cylinder, piston, and fuel)
• Hand Drill Method (Hearth Base Board and Spindle)
• Fire Plow (Minimal requirements two sticks rubbed together)
• Bow Drill Method (Hearth Based Board, Bow, Spindle, Socket and Cordage)
• Flint Rock Spark (Banging together stones to achieve a spark)
All of the above are classified as friction fires. Each requires fuel, oxygen and friction heat. Environment, weather and skill level will depict which method should be used. Each method requires previous knowledge on setup and technique. Various types of materials can be used, the secret is finding the most dry and combustible materials to obtain a burning ember. Transferring the burning ember to a dry tinder pile to to ignite and build fire requires minimal skill. However you should prepare your fire and obtain enough tinder to feed your fire to last throughout your camp stay. Typically what you think you need and multiply that by five times. Woods rich with resin or sap tend to burn hotter and faster.
Fatwood is a wood that is impregnated with high volumes of resin. Fatwood has a concentrated odor of Turpin. This wood is well sought after by experienced outdoors enthusiasts for it's ease of catching a spark for fire starting. You can find fatwood in Pine trees typically at the core of the tree trunk or branch joint. Trees use sap to seal off an injury or cutoff a branch that is dying. These are indicators a person should search for to locate Fatwood.
Nothing is more rewarding for the psychology of a individual in a life or death survival situation than the ability to start and maintain a fire. Fire is a tool of warmth, cooking cutting, wood hardening, disinfecting. The byproduct of fire is coal, coal is used for many things that are useful. Coal for this scenario is a component for water filtering.
Proper hydration is vital for survival of all people. Typically taught is the law of threes as I refer to them:
• Water (You can live for only three days without water, sometimes less.)
• Air (You can live for three minutes deprived of oxygen)
• Food (You can live depending on the person for two to three weeks without food.)
Water is the first requirement one should locate on realization of being lost or stranded.
I talked about instinct, most generally instinct will lead you to sustain. However this is not fool proof in cold weather as it relates to hydration. Water is just as important when its freezing as when it's extremely hot. Lack of sweating often tricks individuals into forgetting they need water. Profuse sweating indicated the bodies demand for water and in hot conditions you will require more then normal.
Water considerations for consumption:
• Wells (Underground Source Providers.)
• Natural Spring Water = Safe
• Hot Spring Water (Volcanic) = Generally Safe Use Caution
• Run Off Water Filtered through 15 feet of earth = Safe
• All surface water that is free flowing is safe to drink when boiled or treated.
• Filtered water by way of primitive filter systems through imitation of earth filtering.
(Layering sand, rock, soil, grass, coal in a capture device.)
• Water by solar radiation stills = Safe
• Water by morning due = Safe
• Water by roots or vines typically safe, use caution as some plants and roots are poisonous. Banana and coconut trees offer water and you will see depicted on every single survival television series. Also cactus can provide water, however research type varieties that are safe. Barrel cactus is a variety to look for in nature.
• Water by digging = Safe may require filtering to enhance taste making it more palatable.
• Water with the potential for radio active isotopes, allow sediment to settle and separate then filter. You will need to boil this water before consumption. (Nuclear Contamination)
• Avoid water that has chemical exposure to enemy combat, consider the potential to chemical or gas contaminants. Additionally avoid water that is obviously polluted by industry and infrastructure.
Avoid water that is found to be stagnate, still and places where animals bathe or gather. Guardia and Crypto-Speridium. Iodine will kill Guardia, however it will not kill Crypto-Speridium. Chlorine dioxide is the better option for chemical water treatment. Boiling water kills both types.
As this point is being driven about the value in education for critical skills to effectively have good psychology in a survival situation. My motto: Know More, Need Less becomes fitting. As you realize all you need is knowledge to survive anything, the feeling of despair can be managed and thereby overcome.
Demonstrated above you have read what I call survival comfort factors, easing the mindset with proper mental hydration is good for moral. It's important to always maintain a positive mental attitude in the face of challenges. In the US Army we always said, false motivation is better than no motivation. Motivation gets the job done, and in a survival situation staying busy makes time pass and keeps you focused. I often say that a survivor is a successful survivalist. One needs to embrace all that encompasses a survival lifestyle or as many say live like the natives. Only a fool shows up in the wild with no preparations, this includes many facets. Communicate your location, time and dates, stick to the plan!!!
Vehicle preparations for emergencies and sustainment kits. 72 hours minimum on hand for sustainment per person in a vehicle kits, house, boat, plane, recreational vehicles and backpacks. This includes one gallon of water per person per day as a failsafe.
If you have followed me for any length of time you will know that I always make mention of
the common sense approach to survival. First thing is you NEVER put yourself in a survival situation, we find ourselves in survival situations. Beware that television makes it look fun, exciting and heroic. On the contrary a survival situation is NOT fun! Survival implies life threatening. Recently in the media, we have heard about fans that have placed themselves in dangerous positions, needing rescue or even dying. Why would they do this you might ask? They want to be their hero, however they do not see all the coordination, planning, rehearsals, crew, and safety staff it takes to film a show. Every celebrity survivalist has a safety net, they are required to have safety mechanisms in place to prevent loss of life or great bodily injury.
A true expert in survival is always someone else's student. I continually am learning by reading, watching, talking, sharing, and most important practicing. The more I learn the more I can share through writing, talk about on my radio and television projects. I carry the weight of a world responsibility on my shoulders. I must be sure to get right everything I teach publicly. Peoples lives hang in the balance on every word I share, as they hold me accountable.
Thanks for reading,
AMERICA'S SURVIVAL SON
Daniel W. Shrigley
CEO of Survival Extreme Catalog Inc.
If you are in the potential zone for impact by a hurricane, here is some survival advice. As the days near and you try to obtain supplies, certain supplies will become a commodity and retailers will run out.
The fundamentals of survival never change.
•Signal/Communications (Signal Mirror/Radio/Cell)
Go to your regional namebrand outdoor and sporting good supply chain. They have food kits that are each good for 72 hours per person. They're affordable, and obtain as many as your budget allows you. Also, they have water filtration straws that can filter up to 300 to 500 gallons of water per person, per straw. They also have water filter pumps that can do the same thing and is more user-friendly for groups or families. It would be wise to obtain camping stoves, tents, coolers and other like camping products. You will also want to obtain extra fuel for the stoves, purchase a few propane tanks design for your stoves.
Obtain external power source packs for your cellular communications in case electricity goes down. They also have solar energy power packs that you do not need to charge in an outlet that you can do the same thing. It would be wise to secure all supplies in a cachet location inside of a waterproof container, and bury it and elevated ground above a flood line. Ensure you put this at a location that you can have access to and easily remember, 4 to 6 feet deep buried in the ground.
Maintain supplies on hand and cachet your oh shit supplies in case the supplies on hand are lost, destroyed or stolen. It is wise to evacuate however if that is not an option for you start looking for tornado shelters and or bomb shelters that can withstand hurricane force winds and large volumes of rain. The average residential home is not built to withstand flooding or winds above 120 mph.
I have already been giving my recommendations and survival advice to FOXNews, The Weather Channel, CNN, and other major media outlets or Networks.
Catastrophic, wilderness survival are my two areas of emphasize special expertise that I am recognize globally around the world as a subject matter expert. I will stress once again if you have the ability to leave the area and travel out-of-state take the advice of your governor and evacuate. Follow all commands by emergency management personnel and pay attention to the news updates.
Communicate with family members and VIPs your whereabouts. Find out the location of three major hospitals closest to you. Look for higher ground, A place for you to seek refuge and sanctuary. The winds can be 150 mph or more in a category five hurricane, a pencil at this speed can penetrate through a telephone pole. You need to seek adequate reinforced shelter.
Anybody that is in the flood zone that is a victim, or perhaps you know of a victim that has survival questions pertaining to a tragic flood event, you are invited to private message me on my verified Facebook page. www.Facebook.com/SurvivalistDanShrigley
What I can offer is to equip you with the proper knowledge to help you think safely, plan and execute properly with the right knowledge. This is certainly my area of expertise in the survival industry. I have personal friends that have been affected by floods over the years. I have already given out myself phone number to a few directly.
There are 1,900 known edible insects in the world. In Western and European cultures eating insects is too much of a yuck factor and not broadly accepted. Even though insects offer 50% more protein per pound than red meat. In third world cultures such as in Asia insects are a major dietary staple. Insects are in an abundance worldwide and can be easily gathered to help you sustain in a survival mode situation. Combining the skill of knowing which plants are edible and also trapping and hunting, I offer this ideology as food for thought; there's no reason you should starve if you can overcome your yuck factor and you strive to obtain the skills needed to gain food sources by the before mentioned. In a true survival situation it's do or die, only the strong survive. Also keep this in mind; only the physically fit survive too. If you're not fit, unhealthy and out of shape and must egress. You might have to travel a great distance and to do so you will need endurance and have the ability to cover a lot of ground. That being said I always say that survival is fitness, fitness is survival. You can read articles, books or watch videos all you want but until you get out and put to practice in the real world what you learn you really have learned nothing at all. It's wild outside, get out and create your own adventure you never know what you'll discover about the world around you or about yourself. #DanShrigley #DanShrigleyTV #DanShrigleySurvival #Survival #Survivalist #SurvivalEarth #SurvivalBlog #SurvivalTips #Survive
Big Survival Fans: These fine Marines are Recruiters out of Danville, California. SSGT GEORGE and SGT SHURE. #Marines #Recruiters #JoinTheMarines #Military #Veterans & #DanShrigley #Survival #showhost #survivalism #survivalexpert #army
Being humbled to meet like minded people while out and about. Stu Smith and his son Keaton who are active members of Diabetes Youth & Families (DYF.org) they enjoy hiking and camping. Stu is a big fan of the tv series Alone. I gave him an autographed copy of Self Reliance Mastery the book. Stu's wife is an author Wendy Spinale - the book: Everland by Scholastics Publishing. Go check that out too.
Met with these fine Patriots and Leaders today, they are heroes and represent their unit with grace.
COL Shane Buzza and COL Jon Ellis from Pacific Division, 75th Training Command.
Basil is a natural mosquito repellent.
SURVIVAL TIPS & FUN FACTS:
Fun Fact: Possibles Kit (Frontier Days)
Survival Kit (Modern)
Is the foundation of survival
Sound in the form of a whistle offers the very best chance at being heard at longer distances. The human voice is at times not nearly loud enough to be heard over great distances or through heavy winds or rains.
Metal Match, Fire Strikers are great to have in place of a Cigarette Lighter. However having a cigarette lighter is handy to use. Nothing replaces primitive skills in fire crafting. This will ensure you can start a fire no matter what the situation might be if you carry these three forms.
Mirror = Signaling Mirror visible as far as 26 miles away (Seen). A mirror is ideal for aircraft & land base signal flashing.
Royal Blue & International Orange
Royal Blue is the best color (Tarps & Trash Bags)
Flagging Tape = Marking Trails
Colored Duct Tape or ribbon tape. Mark every visual horizon along your path and direction change. Mark in obvious locations and on trees mark both sides so you see the markings coming and going.
Survival Blade/Knife must have unless you know primitive tool making skills. However it's best to have a pocket knife as well as a survival knife. Folding Saws, Flexible Saws & a sharp axe are highly suggested.
**Stones, Antlers, and Bones.
Compass (Rated or Mil Spec)
360 degrees/6400 Mils
Know cardinal direction finding via Shadow Stick Method or Watch Dial Method. Celestial Navigation is also a handy skill to know.
(Based upon the hemisphere you are in for night navigation.)
• Make a compass with a silk cloth and thin wire or sewing needle. Rub one side in the same direction. This will magnetize the wire/needle and if you suspend the wire with a string or float on a leaf in a pool of water the magnetized metal will point Magnetic North.
• GPS Devices
(Always mark your start point first) *pack extra batteries.
• MAP Reading (Region Specific)
All of the above are known as the TRIANGLE of Navigation.
If your ever lost, don't panic!
Remain calm and practice S.T.O.P.
• Boil water
• Filter Water
• Chemical Water Treatment
Cryptosporidium is not treated with Iodine. Chlorine Dioxide is a much better choice for a chemical water treatment versus Iodine.
Mylar Blankets are a very poor choice for shelter:
Trash Bags (Thick Heavy Duty) Colored Royal Blue or Orange. They are tougher to tear and serve as a weather barrier. Avoid breathing into to trash bag as your breath carries moisture in it and will condensate.
Mylar Blanket is good for signaling rather than for shelter. It's reflective and has a mirror sheen. Mylar has a tendency to puncture and tear. This is a big reason it makes a poor choice for shelter. A wool or fleece blanket will keep you warm. Fleece will hold heat even if wet.
Tarps make great shelters:
They pack easily, all you need is cordage.
**Not tents, poles or steaks. Makes for lighter weight in load bearing. Tarps are more cost efficient as well.
Match Storm Proof is the best match REI STORM PROOF MATCH Cigarette Lighters are air pressure sensitive. They get wet and don't work. Metal matches are preferred. But keep a bic style lighter with you.
Primitive Fire Crafting is a wonderful skill to have. I highly recommend you take a class on fire crafting at a local survival School.
Cotton Balls 100% cotton and Vaseline. Store in a plastic bag. Great fire starting aid.
**Aluminum Foil is highly recommended for use with cotton balls and Vaseline.
Fuel/Gasoline Fire Starting
To safely start a fire with automobile fuel. Use the bottom of a pop can or dig a small hole in the ground. Then fill the bottom of the pop can or hole. This is safe to light. NEVER splash fuel or spill fuel then light it. That will get you severely burned.
Signal Mirrors & Signal Fires
• Spot Beacons
(Personal Locator Beacons)
Has a transmitter and receiver works off of a satellite.
Great asset to communicate with people back home.
Research the region your headed in first. Know the five edible plants, berries and tree bark commonly found in the region your visiting. This preparedness practice will serve great dividends towards your survival.
Traps & Snares
• Spring Snare Trap
• Dead Fall Traps
• Funnel Basket Weave Fish Traps
These are the most commonly used primitive traps and easy to set once you learn correctly how they are made. Best to set along game trails or animal runs.
Primitive Fishing/Hobo Fishing are great skills to develop as well. This knowledge will last a lifetime. Your only limited by your own imagination as with many things related to survival.
Campsite Location Selecting:
Avoid Ravines, Animal Game Trails
to avoid become trampled on by deer or other animals. Avoid natural animal habitats such as snakes and other critters. Also avoid river and creek beds as they tend to be unpredictable and dangerous to shelter in for any length of time during rainy season.
Written by Survivalist & Adventurer
Daniel W. Shrigley
CEO of SURVIVAL EXTREME CATALOG INC.
Host of Survival Trek Escape (Talk) on www.Speaker.com
Creator of SURVIVAL TREK ESCAPE
PRE-Production Television Series