It’s my opinion that Mass Shootings is a social dysfunction by people that see the horrific action as the ultimate in making a statement while imposing maximum pain and heartache to the public at large. This is a trend that’s become popular making the perpetrators infamous which is the opposite of famous. My belief is the only way to combat this is by equalizing the ability to self defend against the perpetrator(s). More people need to be allowed to carry firearms that are law abiding citizens both exposed and/or concealed. Government taking away firearms from citizens will only create a certainty of victimization of the innocent. Take guns away will only place the dysfunctional aggressors in a position to use other deadly or more dangerous forms of attack. The government will not be able to confiscate every weapon in any country. Learning to read tall tale signs is of a person’s intention to cause this type of tragedy is not foolproof. Not every aggressor demonstrates or communicates signs leading up to these horrific actions on the innocent. People need and must have the ability to self defense as law enforcement cannot be everywhere at once. Law enforcement can only respond after an incident has been enacted and reported. For example California has strict gun laws, the average law abiding citizens cannot obtain concealed firearms permits or exposed in the state. Security Guards can obtain exposed firearms permits from BSIS which is the government body in California over Security Guards, Private Patrol Operators and Private Investigators. It falls under under the state consumer affairs department. To obtain a firearms permit to carry concealed one must attain is through the elected county sheriffs department whom has authority and is bias in approval for giving out permits. Leaving most law abiding citizens without the ability to self defense. So the epidemic of mass shootings along with other deadly and most dangerous crimes goes unhindered by the innocent that cannot defend themselves against these criminals and extreme aggressors. The people need to stand together against gun control because if the guns are taken away then we will see much worse in attacks involving car bombs, personnel explosive devices like suicide bombers, roadside bombs and vehicle run downs in public.
This article will set the tone for the entire thought process for an average everyday person(s) who find themselves in a real world survival situation. Based on a fictional baseline to tell the process and explain the scenario. Describe herein will be the developmental process from first realization to embracing the reality and progressive physical and mental actions. By design I will attempt to walk you through this mission of understanding and deliver to you what could be considered as close to the real deal as humanly possible. I did not take a course at a survival school, I am a lifetime student of this craft. As you will see I have earned my foothold through blood, sweat and tears. I have conducted independent research that amounts to approximately 10,000+ hours over the course of my life. This book will demonstrate my knowledge and give reason why I am held in the same celebrity as Ray Mayers, Tom Brown, Les Stroud, Mykle Hawke, Cody Lundin, Dave Canterberry, and Bear Grylls to name a few.
Serving a educational value to the reader that will bring intimate insight while offering knowledge I as a instructor and industry leader posses through my decades of experience. Here is a quick qualifying bio of my past and present, for your own comfort factor.
31 years ago my father took me to my first Boy Scouts Of America Troop Meeting in Hayward California. My father later became a Boy Scout Leader at this same troop. During my involvement we conducted Scout organized events and I sucked up all the knowledge I could. Within the first few weeks, I all but memorized my Boy Scout Handbook.
Stepping forward in time, I moved to Washington State to live with my Mother. For the next several years living on Big Lake, Washington. I progressed within nature, hunting large game, setting traps and firearms for hunting became the norm. I grew up in a community built up mostly by the logging industry. My Mother was a peace loving nature and supportive parent with all things outdoors. Before the age of 16, I had hunted the foothills of the cascades, conquered the 30 mile Cascade Loop Trail. I participated in outdoor youth groups through church organizations. Mother nature was my home, and having every possible survival book or field manual on hand by the Vietnam era military taught me so much.
Jumping ahead to 1995, I enlisted into the US Army as a 19Delta Cavalry Scout. It was here I learned what sets me apart from many in my industry. I developed skills over the course of the next 18 years that can only come to careerist such as myself. Serving in Fort Polk Louisiana and Camp Garry Owen South Korea for 14 months. From 1997 to 2003, I worked in Oakland/ San Francisco Bay Area in the civilian sector as an armed officer for companies such as Intervention Agency Inc., Sentinel Inc., Personal Protective Services Inc., and Pinkerton Inc.. I worked predominantly in low income housing and high crime demographics. I worked in every public housing project or development both public and private in the city and county of San Francisco. I additionally worked in the East Bay Area in Oakland and Alameda County as a armed patrol officer. Dealing with enforcement of lease, property, local, state and federal laws that were applicable. From trespassing, noise complaints, domestic violence, drive-by's, gangs, narcotics, murder, robbery and burglary I patrolled or walked some of the meanest streets combating crime in the United States of America.
During this time I was assigned to the 341st Combat Military Police in San Jose, California. Hold a slot for 95B20v5 Military Police Investigator.
- US Army Reserves.
The year 2003, I entered back on active duty status and was stationed at Fort Hood Texas. I deployed to OIF II in Iraq and was assigned to Forward Operating Base Freedom I with HHT 3-8 Cavalry as a Cavalry Scout. Living and working within the International Zone otherwise known as the Green Zone.
In 2005, I joined the Corporal Recruiter program and served as a US Army Recruiter for two years as outlined in the program where I acquired the rank of Sergeant. In 2007, I returned to Fort Hood, Texas. I was assigned to 1-7 Cavalry Squadron and was quickly sent back to Iraq to catch up with my new platoon already deployed to Camp Taji, Iraq.
In 2008, I graduated from Warrior Leaders Course, Also Basic Non-Commissioned Officers Course for phase II of my advanced leadership training and certification. Finally after a long wait for slots available I graduated the entire course in 2012.
In July of 2012, I started my company Survival Extreme Catalog Inc.
Starting out in catalog and product affiliation through on-line marketing and sales related to the outdoor industry. Within the first year of being in business I expanded globally with marketing, products and services. I began publishing blogs, forums and iMagazines articles. Hollywood came knocking at my door with casting directors seeking my exceptional expertise as they began following me on multiple social media accounts and web based platforms. I was interviewed for survival television reality shows and attended casting calls for people with my credentials.
In a few short months I created my own survival television reality show, built the cast and crew. Embedded with filmmakers and writers. Having a Producers Portal with major networks and possessing script, threadline, logline and synopsis. I began filming for archival footage and currently am hoping to finish the pilot and contract in the next two years.
All the while I began co-hosting a show with a friend on survival. Being limited by time zones, I started my own show on survival talk titled Survival Trek Escape (Talk) and am featured on iHeartRadio as a independent Radio Station. I am also featured on WWSNRadio.com with my show America's Survival Son a European platform in Great Britain. I was invited by Debi King McMartin and Jack Skyyler to appear as myself in the movie titled: SKOOKUM, The Hunt For Bigfoot already premiered in October 2013.
I started a survival group titled: Bell County Wilderness Survival Group in Killeen, Texas. I offered primitive wilderness survival training and had 52 active members in our first few months. I offer personal hands on instruction in primitive and modern survival/bushcraft skills. I also have the ability to draw from my law enforcement and military background on all things related to weapons, tactics and navigation. I also teach preventive and first aid skills. By way of my teachings globally I have been recognized and placed in the top ten list of Best Survival Experts by TheTopTens.com/Best-Survival-Experts/
I typically bounce around in the global polling platform between 2nd place and 7th. Frankly I am honored to just be on the list in general. In my opinion all the names on the list are #1 and very deserving.
So that was my qualifying background, now let's begin the real reason why I am writing this for you to read. I write this cause it will save your life if you remember and implement what is written here. In order to carry the point further portions will be told via a fictional scenario. Any similarities to that of a person(s), group(s), organization(s), place(s) or event(s) is strictly coincidental.
2018, I starred on a Discovery Channel, survival reality TV series titled: The ‘Ultimate Ninja Challenge’ that I’m very honored to be part of the show.
Perspective Book Contents
Things I will cover:
• Psychology of Survival.
• Natural Materials For Shelter
• Modern Materials For Shelter
• Water Procurement, treatment and filtering.
• Signaling For Rescue
• Fear Management Through Mental Toughness.
• How Primitive Skills Complement Modern Technology.
• Common Challenges and overcoming each.
• Various Climates, Environments and Seasonal Considerations.
• Weatherizing & Acclimation
• First Aid & Buddy Aid in brief.
• Evaluating types of heat exhaustion.
• Identify and treat cold weather injuries.
• Importance of good health and physical fitness.
• Priorities of Survival and the Fundamentals.
• Firearms Safety
• Sanitation & Hygiene
• Animal Signs
• Edible and Poisonous Plants
• Edible Insects
• Traps & Snares
• Surviving Extreme Conditions
• Urban Survival
• First Aid Kits
• Terrain Association & Map Reading
• Basic Marksmanship
• Dispatching & Harvesting Prey
• Water Safety, Survival and Drown Proofing
• CampCraft & Field Hygiene
• Medicinal Plants
• Knot Tying
• Cordage Fabrication
• Fire craft and utilization.
• Flotation Devices
• Water Rescue
• Reacting To Disaster Scenarios
• Escalation & Use Of Non-Lethal and Lethal Use Of Force
• Self Defense
• Security Measures & Applications
• Safety Risk Mitigation & Management
• Rock Climbing, Mountaineering & Bouldering
• Commercial Preparedness
• Residential Preparedness
• Wildfire Survival Methods
• Leave No Footprint/Environmental Impact
Bushcraft Skills and what it means to you:
a) Tools made by stone, antler, bone or wood.
b) Fire craft Primitive & Modern (Bow Drill, Hand Drill, Fire Plow, Fire Thong, Fire Piston)
c) Flint napping
d) Natural Cordage and processing.
e) Basket Weaving
f) Net Construction
g) Utilizing a Crook Knife to make modern tools from wood.
Campfire Cooking & Food Preservation (Earth Cooking)
1.] Fire Preparation
2.] Types of fire setups and stacks
3.] Dakota Fire pit
4.] Stone Cooking
I) Dispatching kills and Leather Making from animal hides.
a) Orientation (Map & Compass)
b) Understanding a typical map
c) Map Symbols
d) Terrain Association (Ridges, Hills, Valleys, Depressions, Draws, Spurs, Cliffs, Cuts Etc.)
e) Pace Count
f) Intersection & Resection (Finding your known and unknown points on a map)
g) How to make a field expedient compass & patrol/terrain maps.
h) Celestial Navigation
• Northern Hemisphere
• Southern Hemisphere
• General Rules while traveling at night using the stars.
a) Plants (Edible)
b) Poisonous Plants.
c) Edible Tree Bark and Leaves.
f) Tracking & Trapping (Large & Small Game)
• Spring Snare Traps
• Deadfall Traps
• Funnel Traps
• Weight Assisted Traps
g) Avoiding Poisonous Plants, Animals and Insects
h) Primitive Fishing
• Common Herbs
Common Plant Uses:
• Clothing & Insulation For Warmth.
Home First Aid & Survival Kits:
Vehicle Survival Kits & Essentials:
• First Aid & Sustainment Kits
• Seasonal Considerations
• Useful components or parts for self-reliance.
Office First Aid & Site Survival Kits:
Survival Kits For Children:
Hostile Disciplines & Practices:
• Leadership (Groups)
• How to go unnoticed and avoid detection.
• Observing Human Behavior to gain information to assist in your survival.
• How to Hotwire a vehicle.
Making Lethal Weapons from raw materials
1.] Throwing Clubs & Weapons
3.] Knives and bladed instruments
2.] Booby Traps [Lethal & Less Than Lethal]
• Trip wire traps
• Concealment Traps
• Deadly Traps [Killing]
3.] Bow & Arrows
• Figure Eight Knot
• Scouting & Boating Knots
• Raw Materials
Escaping and Evading Capture
• Knowing local customs & courtesies.
• Understanding political and religious threat potentials in foreign territory.
(Sample of a work in progress, intention is to self publish a book by Summer of 2019)
Possibles Kit (Frontier Days)
Survival Kit (Modern)
Is the foundation of survival
Sound in the form of a whistle offers the very best chance at being heard at longer distances. The human voice is at times not nearly loud enough to be heard over great distances or through heavy winds or rains.
Metal Match, Fire Strikers are great to have in place of a Cigarette Lighter. However having a cigarette lighter is handy to use. Nothing replaces primitive skills in fire crafting. This will ensure you can start a fire no matter what the situation might be if you carry these three forms.
Mirror = Signaling Mirror visible as far as 26 miles away (Seen). A mirror is ideal for aircraft & land base signal flashing.
Royal Blue & International Orange
Royal Blue is the best color (Tarps & Trash Bags)
Flagging Tape = Marking Trails
Colored Duct Tape or ribbon tape. Mark every visual horizon along your path and direction change. Mark in obvious locations and on trees mark both sides so you see the markings coming and going.
Survival Blade/Knife must have unless you know primitive tool making skills. However it's best to have a pocket knife as well as a survival knife. Folding Saws, Flexible Saws & a sharp axe are highly suggested.
**Stones, Antlers, and Bones.
Compass (Rated or Mil Spec)
360 degrees/6400 Mils
Dan Shrigley’s Hand-To-Sky Method
Watch Face Method
Know cardinal direction finding via Shadow Stick Method or Watch Dial Method. Celestial Navigation is also a handy skill to know.
(Based upon the hemisphere you are in for night navigation.)
• Make a compass with a silk cloth and thin wire or sewing needle. Rub one side in the same direction. This will magnetize the wire/needle and if you suspend the wire with a string or float on a leaf in a pool of water the magnetized metal will point Magnetic North.
• GPS Devices
(Always mark your start point first) *pack extra batteries.
• MAP Reading (Region Specific)
All of the above are known as the TRIANGLE of Navigation.
If your ever lost, don't panic!
Remain calm and practice S.T.O.P.
• Boil water
• Filter Water
• Chemical Water Treatment
Cryptosporidium is not treated with Iodine. Chlorine Dioxide is a much better choice for a chemical water treatment versus Iodine.
Mylar Blankets are a very poor choice for shelter:
Trash Bags (Thick Heavy Duty) Colored Royal Blue or Orange. They are tougher to tear and serve as a weather barrier. Avoid breathing into to trash bag as your breath carries moisture in it and will condensate.
Mylar Blanket is good for signaling rather than for shelter. It's reflective and has a mirror sheen. Mylar has a tendency to puncture and tear. This is a big reason it makes a poor choice for shelter. A wool or fleece blanket will keep you warm. Fleece will hold heat even if wet.
Tarps make great shelters:
They pack easily, all you need is cordage.
**Not tents, poles or steaks. Makes for lighter weight in load bearing. Tarps are more cost efficient as well.
Well like any survival situation you begin with the basics. First you prepare by having accountability of personnel or family members. Develop a escape plan with a centralized meeting spot. In case of fire you develop a designated escape route. Crouch but don't crawl to evacuate from a fire. Never touch a door nob with bare hands in a house fire. You don't know how hot the door nob might be. Cover your mouth with a damp cloth if possible.
In case of earthquake or tornado you will develop a plan that identifies the strongest most centralized location in your home. If available retreat to a reinforced shelter or under ground shelter in case of tornado.
In case of flood seek high ground and stick to locations that allow for easy rescue. If possible evacuate the area before the flood arrives. Obey warnings from emergency management offices or authorities.
So having a reactionary plan to implement that's practiced and refined to perfection. Safety is your greatest concern. Living through the event is the priority. Next step is recovery and accountability. Get 100% accountability of all personnel or members. Render aid to those in need if at all possible without risking further injury or loss of life. Notify authorities and call for help only if damage, injury, death occurred or if rescue is needed. Beware of broken natural gas lines and down power lines assume all are live and deadly. Notify utility emergency services immediately. Mark with a bright colored signal or sign to alert others to avoid the area.
Water, food, blankets, first aid kits, flash lights that are charged and back up batteries on hand. If possible use electronics that are crank generated. Crank radio on hand in case of phone failures. List of phone numbers for service provides.
Enough water per person to last no less than 7 days typically. Practice water conservation and use ration control with H2o and food.
Chem-lights, fire striker(s), road flares, area maps, tents, shelf stable foods, dry foods and canned foods. Pocket knives, compasses, thick trash bags 72 gallons or larger, bleach, rope and cordage, tarp(s), firewood, extra fuel stored in a approved storage container. Zip lock sealable plastic bags. Rags and sterilized bandages to include tourniquet(s). You'll want a emergency supply of over the counter medicine or relief aids. Also back up supply of prescription drugs and eye ware.
All members are recommended to attend a RedCross approved CPR class.
To avoid predicted disasters it's important to adhere to the advice of passed through media outlets and emergency services. Often people place material possessions at such a high value that they risk their own safety to protect property. If your told to evacuate it's determined that to avoid great bodily injury or death it's best to leave.
It's important to be prepared, the above recommended items are a baseline to begin with, you can add too or take away what suits your needs best. Your emergency kits should provide necessity for sustainment, minimal comforts, communications and signal. The best way to survive is to beat the elements. In the cold proper clothing attire, in the heat proper sun protection and artificial shade, wind and water protected clothing and shelters. You need to remember that preparing is all about the event and or conditions. Learn historical seasonal data about your location to best prepare.
Nothing beats knowledge and common sense. Safety is the number one concern. Like they say in the US Army, everyone is a safety officer and if you see an unsafe act your obligated to sound off and put a halt to it.
Sometimes life throws curve balls at you. It's how you swing back, that determines a strike, base hit or home run. Being prepared and educated is a Major League decision. You improve your odds of survival by taking simple measures that improve your chances to live.
Take a survival class, learn CPR, obey warnings. It's so easy a caveman could, well you know.
YOUR ESCAPE PLAN:
Adopt into practice escape planning and meet up points in case of disaster or emergencies. With school shootings, riots, crime, severe weather, adopting an escape plan saves lives. Here are key points to consider.
1.) At home, work, school, or a concert downtown. Plan an escape route out of your individual area.
2.) Supplies are important, check your inventory before an emergency and restock if needed.
3.) A flashlight, a radio and canned goods, water proof matches, pocket knife, gloves, rain jacket, extra water, (3) Days food rations per person.
4.) Practice escaping with family members to a designated meet up location. While testing your plan, test your family's ability to tune the radio into local news stations.
5.) In crowded urban areas always point out and establish with your group designated link up points and time intervals to check in.
6.) Every responsible member should know how to start up s fire for warmth, signal, and water/food.
7.) while you are waiting be very patient for members of your family/group to arrive. In an emergency nothing happens fast enough so remain calm.
8.) Practice makes perfect, keep updated with these tips and you and your family will reunite.
9.) Should a member fall victim or die. Render aid to the wounded. For the death of a member, remember to focus on the living you need them and they need you. We can always deal with our lost loved ones when it's safe.
10.) In an active shooter scenario:
• RUN - If at all possible run away as fast and safely as possible to safety. Call for help as soon as you get to a safe area. Be prepared to provide a description of the suspect(s) and location. Remember suspect description by race, height, weight, skin tone, scars, tattoos, clothing type and colors to include shoes and shoe size. How many suspects, what were they doing or saying. Where did the suspects enter from and/or flee towards. Remember landmarks and vehicle description of suspects to include license plates, make, model and color.
• Hide - If you cannot run away then hide and if at all possible barricade yourself in a safe area with hard durable items that will be hard for the suspects to breach or shoot through with bullets. It’s important to be as silent as possible not to attract attention. Turn phones to silent and call for help as soon as your safe to alert authorities of the situation confronting you. Be prepared to offer as many details to assist law enforcement to help them eliminate the threat. When law enforcement arrives remain calm and obey all commands as they do not know who’s a victim or a suspect. Cooperation is vital when law enforcement arrives, do not do anything until instructed too.
• Fight - In the extreme case that you are in a position that you must fight for your life be sure to maintain element of surprise to your favor if possible. Use whatever is available to you as an equalizer or weapon to level the odds more in your favor. It’s important to remember that there is no fair fight when your potentially being shot at by firearms in the hands of a lunatic. Do whatever you need to in order to stay alive. Only fight if hiding is going to fail you and you have no other recourse of action left. It’s better to go down fighting than to be executed by a crazed gunman or gunmen.
As a result of shipwreck or getting separated from a group, you find yourself stranded on an island. Surviving is your focus and only consideration. You do not have to be an experienced outdoorsman, in order to take basic steps that will help keep you alive until rescue arrives.
Build a big fire on the highest shore point; if you know where the shipping lanes pass, put your fire in the most visible spot. When you see a ship or a plane, you can create big amounts of smoke by tossing on slightly damp moss or branches. Create several fire piles that you can light quickly. To attract attention from the air, arrange rocks that contrast with the sand into a very large pattern that would not occur in nature. You can also root around on the island for materials that will reflect the sun and use them to signal passing planes or boats.
SURVIVAL TREK ESCAPE (Talk) On iHeart Radio 24Hrs Streaming.
Meet And Greet With Discovery Channel Survival TV Star Daniel Shrigley From Ultimate Ninja Challenge
PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL
Written By Daniel W. Shrigley
You find yourself in a survival situation that you were not expecting. Caught off guard and all alone. You are absent with supplies or advanced skills. All you know is a few articles you read and survival documentary films you watched for entertainment. Now this scenario often occurs to people every year all over the world. It's how you handle the situation that will determine a successful outcome. You will need to allow yourself to be mentally tough. Remaining calm in the face of a potential life threatening survival event.
Survival situations come in multiple forms to all people of every walk of life. Scenarios are presented in three ways. Mother nature, manmade or incidental. The psychology behind survival is most challenging. Being in the right frame of mindset is not easily come-by for all people. This takes discipline and stems from making the right decisions at critical moments.
Remain calm is the first step towards being in the right mindset. To do this you need to stop in place, clear your mind from feeling panic. Organize your priorities for survival, establish your immediate needs for self-reliance, self-sustainment and achieve self-rescue.
In a panic situation, you are not collected in educated decision making abilities. A panicked person makes poor choices. You need to be calculated in your decision making abilities to survive and thrive.
Simply by taking a few moments to sit back and absorb your environment, soak in what is available to you in your surroundings for shelter, water, fire and food. Every scenario is unique and will require various needs to be met and methods to achieve a successful outcome.
First and foremost you need to be certain you are removed from immanent danger. Avoid, direct threats to life; Using your instinct, common sense and adhering indicators. Often a panicked person lost in the wilderness will make critical mistakes. First critical failure is NOT sitting in place. People that are lost tend to run off and out of panic get even more lost.
The feeling of panic while lost is one of greatest fears. Fright in any survival situation is natural, however it's controllable. FEAR KILLS!!! I teach that; In Survival Failure Is NOT An Option! Flipping this to: In Survival Fear Is NOT An Option.
The fear has been compared to that of great desperation, loneliness, helplessness, hopelessness, similar to that of a drowning victim. Education and skill, through hands on practice and training is a sure way to defeat this an afford you a fighting chance.
Knowing the priorities of survival and the fundamentals will help give you an edge. Knowing those are not enough, you MUST put into practice the survival skills and be familiar with look and feel. Basic knowledge will only give you a fighting chance. Instinct for shelter, fire for cooking and warmth, water for thirst, food for hunger. There is so much more that one needs to know and implement via knowledge and skill.
Shelter is a necessity to shield and protect you from the elements. Elements include the following:
• Wind (Wind chill factors enhance danger and exposure.)
• Sun (Shade in hot temperate climates preserves hydration and energy, limits exposure.)
• Sand (Shielding from blowing debris such as sand offers safety from injury.)
• Snow & Ice (Maintaining your core body temperature is critical and must accompany by a heat source such as fire.)
• Rain (Over exposure to rain, water for extended periods of time will present health risks and cause injury through exposure.)
In a survival scenario you must protect your resources and your three greatest resources encompass your head, hands & feet. The bodies extremities suffer first in-climate weather. First you must protect from extreme conditions those extremities. Additionally you need to protect your hands and feet from injury. If you are in a situation that you must travel to self-rescue a foot injury will devastate your forward momentum if not prevent it altogether. Your hands, need to be safeguarded to continually offer resource gathering, bushcraft tool construction, climbing, fishing, hunting, grasp and much more. Trap setting, firewood cutting or finite detail work on projects will pose vast limitations with injured hands.
This all falls back on the Psychology Of Survival: When you panic bad things happen and injuries or death follow. Eye sight is the other sense that must me protected. While cutting timber using a chopping instrument, be certain to close your eyes tight just before the axe impacts to avoid eye injury by debris. Also shielding your eyes from the sunlight, sand and wind is essential. You can protect your vision simply by using a little creativity.
Creativity is instinct we all have a brain and with that comes imagination. Creativity often is what allows a improvement and comfort factor. Simple comforts in any situation brings reward and peace of mind. Much like a hot cup of pine or spruce tea on a cold day or evening.
Fire craft is not a skill of instinct, the need for warmth is instinct. You really need to know how to start a fire with various methods to ensure your own survival. From many primitive cultures we have learned methods of fire starting. These methods have worked for mankind over thousands of years.
• Fire thong (Hearth, Cordage, Fuel)
• Fire Piston (Advanced method requires a cylinder, piston, and fuel)
• Hand Drill Method (Hearth Base Board and Spindle)
• Fire Plow (Minimal requirements two sticks rubbed together)
• Bow Drill Method (Hearth Based Board, Bow, Spindle, Socket and Cordage)
• Flint Rock Spark (Banging together stones to achieve a spark)
All of the above are classified as friction fires. Each requires fuel, oxygen and friction heat. Environment, weather and skill level will depict which method should be used. Each method requires previous knowledge on setup and technique. Various types of materials can be used, the secret is finding the most dry and combustible materials to obtain a burning ember. Transferring the burning ember to a dry tinder pile to to ignite and build fire requires minimal skill. However you should prepare your fire and obtain enough tinder to feed your fire to last throughout your camp stay. Typically what you think you need and multiply that by five times. Woods rich with resin or sap tend to burn hotter and faster.
Fatwood is a wood that is impregnated with high volumes of resin. Fatwood has a concentrated odor of Turpin. This wood is well sought after by experienced outdoors enthusiasts for it's ease of catching a spark for fire starting. You can find fatwood in Pine trees typically at the core of the tree trunk or branch joint. Trees use sap to seal off an injury or cutoff a branch that is dying. These are indicators a person should search for to locate Fatwood.
Nothing is more rewarding for the psychology of a individual in a life or death survival situation than the ability to start and maintain a fire. Fire is a tool of warmth, cooking cutting, wood hardening, disinfecting. The byproduct of fire is coal, coal is used for many things that are useful. Coal for this scenario is a component for water filtering.
Proper hydration is vital for survival of all people. Typically taught is the law of threes as I refer to them:
• Water (You can live for only three days without water, sometimes less.)
• Air (You can live for three minutes deprived of oxygen)
• Food (You can live depending on the person for two to three weeks without food.)
Water is the first requirement one should locate on realization of being lost or stranded.
I talked about instinct, most generally instinct will lead you to sustain. However this is not fool proof in cold weather as it relates to hydration. Water is just as important when its freezing as when it's extremely hot. Lack of sweating often tricks individuals into forgetting they need water. Profuse sweating indicated the bodies demand for water and in hot conditions you will require more then normal.
Water considerations for consumption:
• Wells (Underground Source Providers.)
• Natural Spring Water = Safe
• Hot Spring Water (Volcanic) = Generally Safe Use Caution
• Run Off Water Filtered through 15 feet of earth = Safe
• All surface water that is free flowing is safe to drink when boiled or treated.
• Filtered water by way of primitive filter systems through imitation of earth filtering.
(Layering sand, rock, soil, grass, coal in a capture device.)
• Water by solar radiation stills = Safe
• Water by morning due = Safe
• Water by roots or vines typically safe, use caution as some plants and roots are poisonous. Banana and coconut trees offer water and you will see depicted on every single survival television series. Also cactus can provide water, however research type varieties that are safe. Barrel cactus is a variety to look for in nature.
• Water by digging = Safe may require filtering to enhance taste making it more palatable.
• Water with the potential for radio active isotopes, allow sediment to settle and separate then filter. You will need to boil this water before consumption. (Nuclear Contamination)
• Avoid water that has chemical exposure to enemy combat, consider the potential to chemical or gas contaminants. Additionally avoid water that is obviously polluted by industry and infrastructure.
Avoid water that is found to be stagnate, still and places where animals bathe or gather. Guardia and Crypto-Speridium. Iodine will kill Guardia, however it will not kill Crypto-Speridium. Chlorine dioxide is the better option for chemical water treatment. Boiling water kills both types.
As this point is being driven about the value in education for critical skills to effectively have good psychology in a survival situation. My motto: Know More, Need Less becomes fitting. As you realize all you need is knowledge to survive anything, the feeling of despair can be managed and thereby overcome.
Demonstrated above you have read what I call survival comfort factors, easing the mindset with proper mental hydration is good for moral. It's important to always maintain a positive mental attitude in the face of challenges. In the US Army we always said, false motivation is better than no motivation. Motivation gets the job done, and in a survival situation staying busy makes time pass and keeps you focused. I often say that a survivor is a successful survivalist. One needs to embrace all that encompasses a survival lifestyle or as many say live like the natives. Only a fool shows up in the wild with no preparations, this includes many facets. Communicate your location, time and dates, stick to the plan!!!
Vehicle preparations for emergencies and sustainment kits. 72 hours minimum on hand for sustainment per person in a vehicle kits, house, boat, plane, recreational vehicles and backpacks. This includes one gallon of water per person per day as a failsafe.
If you have followed me for any length of time you will know that I always make mention of
the common sense approach to survival. First thing is you NEVER put yourself in a survival situation, we find ourselves in survival situations. Beware that television makes it look fun, exciting and heroic. On the contrary a survival situation is NOT fun! Survival implies life threatening. Recently in the media, we have heard about fans that have placed themselves in dangerous positions, needing rescue or even dying. Why would they do this you might ask? They want to be their hero, however they do not see all the coordination, planning, rehearsals, crew, and safety staff it takes to film a show. Every celebrity survivalist has a safety net, they are required to have safety mechanisms in place to prevent loss of life or great bodily injury.
A true expert in survival is always someone else's student. I continually am learning by reading, watching, talking, sharing, and most important practicing. The more I learn the more I can share through writing, talk about on my radio and television projects. I carry the weight of a world responsibility on my shoulders. I must be sure to get right everything I teach publicly. Peoples lives hang in the balance on every word I share, as they hold me accountable.
Thanks for reading,
AMERICA'S SURVIVAL SON
Daniel W. Shrigley
CEO of Survival Extreme Catalog Inc.
If you are in the potential zone for impact by a hurricane, here is some survival advice. As the days near and you try to obtain supplies, certain supplies will become a commodity and retailers will run out.
The fundamentals of survival never change.
•Signal/Communications (Signal Mirror/Radio/Cell)
Go to your regional namebrand outdoor and sporting good supply chain. They have food kits that are each good for 72 hours per person. They're affordable, and obtain as many as your budget allows you. Also, they have water filtration straws that can filter up to 300 to 500 gallons of water per person, per straw. They also have water filter pumps that can do the same thing and is more user-friendly for groups or families. It would be wise to obtain camping stoves, tents, coolers and other like camping products. You will also want to obtain extra fuel for the stoves, purchase a few propane tanks design for your stoves.
Obtain external power source packs for your cellular communications in case electricity goes down. They also have solar energy power packs that you do not need to charge in an outlet that you can do the same thing. It would be wise to secure all supplies in a cachet location inside of a waterproof container, and bury it and elevated ground above a flood line. Ensure you put this at a location that you can have access to and easily remember, 4 to 6 feet deep buried in the ground.
Maintain supplies on hand and cachet your oh shit supplies in case the supplies on hand are lost, destroyed or stolen. It is wise to evacuate however if that is not an option for you start looking for tornado shelters and or bomb shelters that can withstand hurricane force winds and large volumes of rain. The average residential home is not built to withstand flooding or winds above 120 mph.
I have already been giving my recommendations and survival advice to FOXNews, The Weather Channel, CNN, and other major media outlets or Networks.
Catastrophic, wilderness survival are my two areas of emphasize special expertise that I am recognize globally around the world as a subject matter expert. I will stress once again if you have the ability to leave the area and travel out-of-state take the advice of your governor and evacuate. Follow all commands by emergency management personnel and pay attention to the news updates.
Communicate with family members and VIPs your whereabouts. Find out the location of three major hospitals closest to you. Look for higher ground, A place for you to seek refuge and sanctuary. The winds can be 150 mph or more in a category five hurricane, a pencil at this speed can penetrate through a telephone pole. You need to seek adequate reinforced shelter.
Anybody that is in the flood zone that is a victim, or perhaps you know of a victim that has survival questions pertaining to a tragic flood event, you are invited to private message me on my verified Facebook page. www.Facebook.com/SurvivalistDanShrigley
What I can offer is to equip you with the proper knowledge to help you think safely, plan and execute properly with the right knowledge. This is certainly my area of expertise in the survival industry. I have personal friends that have been affected by floods over the years. I have already given out myself phone number to a few directly.
There are 1,900 known edible insects in the world. In Western and European cultures eating insects is too much of a yuck factor and not broadly accepted. Even though insects offer 50% more protein per pound than red meat. In third world cultures such as in Asia insects are a major dietary staple. Insects are in an abundance worldwide and can be easily gathered to help you sustain in a survival mode situation. Combining the skill of knowing which plants are edible and also trapping and hunting, I offer this ideology as food for thought; there's no reason you should starve if you can overcome your yuck factor and you strive to obtain the skills needed to gain food sources by the before mentioned. In a true survival situation it's do or die, only the strong survive. Also keep this in mind; only the physically fit survive too. If you're not fit, unhealthy and out of shape and must egress. You might have to travel a great distance and to do so you will need endurance and have the ability to cover a lot of ground. That being said I always say that survival is fitness, fitness is survival. You can read articles, books or watch videos all you want but until you get out and put to practice in the real world what you learn you really have learned nothing at all. It's wild outside, get out and create your own adventure you never know what you'll discover about the world around you or about yourself. #DanShrigley #DanShrigleyTV #DanShrigleySurvival #Survival #Survivalist #SurvivalEarth #SurvivalBlog #SurvivalTips #Survive
Big Survival Fans: These fine Marines are Recruiters out of Danville, California. SSGT GEORGE and SGT SHURE. #Marines #Recruiters #JoinTheMarines #Military #Veterans & #DanShrigley #Survival #showhost #survivalism #survivalexpert #army
Being humbled to meet like minded people while out and about. Stu Smith and his son Keaton who are active members of Diabetes Youth & Families (DYF.org) they enjoy hiking and camping. Stu is a big fan of the tv series Alone. I gave him an autographed copy of Self Reliance Mastery the book. Stu's wife is an author Wendy Spinale - the book: Everland by Scholastics Publishing. Go check that out too.
Met with these fine Patriots and Leaders today, they are heroes and represent their unit with grace.
COL Shane Buzza and COL Jon Ellis from Pacific Division, 75th Training Command.
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